Plants have been primary source of medicines in traditional health care system since ancient time and herbal medicines have been used for healing purposes which helps to regulate body functions and promote wellness. Different natural herbal products from plants are used for the treatment of various diseases and help to maintain general health without any side effects [Kavishankar et al., 2011]. An immune system is incredible arrangement of specific organs and cells which permits humans to perform defence against undesired responses and helps to maintain the body homeostasis.
People are moving towards natural remedies to avoid side effects of synthetic drugs; about 90% of population of the developing countries depends on plants and its biological constituents for primary health care as traditional medicine on the basis of WHO estimation [WHO; 2002]. Different agro-climatic conditions make India a largest producer of medicinal herbs and known as botanical garden of the world. About 2500 species are found only in India among 21,000 plants used for medicinal purpose around the world [Seth et al., 2004]. Plants and their products are rich source of bioactive chemical entities and documented to be non-toxic and therapeutically potent. They are capable of modulating biochemical pathways of higher animals, so can be widely used to develop cheaper formulation for preventive health as vital essence of all body tissues.
In Current scenario, cases of COVID-19 are still increasing day-by-day worldwide and becoming life threatening. There are several traditional herbs which can be used either as immunity booster or for the treatment of viral infection. The consumption of herbal medicine such as Zingiber officinale (Ginger), Nigella sativa (black cumin), Allium sativum (Garlic), Glycyrrhiza glabra (Mulethi), Camellia sinensis (Tea plant) can improve the immune response. Some natural products like Moringa, Aswagandha, Triphala, Tulsi can be used as preventive and therapeutic agents that can help to fight against coronavirus by inhibiting different coronavirus targets such as S protein (emodin, baicalin) and viral enzymes replication.
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Dr. K. B. Chandra